Eye examinations are a set of tests performed by an optometrist or ophthalmologist assessing vision and the ability to focus on and discern objects, as well as other tests and examinations pertaining to the eyes. All people should have periodic and thorough eye examinations as part of routine care by the primary care physician, especially since many eye diseases are silent.
When should you have a complete eye exam?
- First exam at 6 months old.
- Second exam at 3 years old.
- 5 yrs. to 18 yrs. – Annually
- 19 yrs. to 65 yrs. – Every other year
- 65 yrs and older – Annually
Eye examinations may detect potentially treatable blinding eye diseases, ocular manifestations of systemic disease, or signs of tumors or other anomalies of the brain.
Your exam will likely include:
- Reviewing vision problems, general health, current medications, work environment, etc.
- Examining eyes for signs of possible disorders, including cataracts and retinal problems
- Evaluating current prescription
- Testing eyes ability to see clearly at all distances
- Measuring the fluid pressure in the eye, which is an important test in detecting glaucoma
- Testing eye coordination and muscle control
- Measuring eyes ability to change focus